Thursday, February 20, 2020

Pain on the back

Pain on the back:

 When to go to the doctor and what to do to prevent it?

Up to 80% of the population will suffer from back or neck pain during their lifetime, while 50% of the working population will experience symptoms of back or neck pain at least once a year.
Back pain is more common in those who are 30 to 60 years old. Few people under 18 and over 60 have back problems. In part, these statistics reflect the greater demands of working adults, while adolescents have flexible backs and the elderly's spine becomes less flexible, which protects them from stress, limiting the number of movements. You are more likely to have back pain if your daily activities include lifting and transport.

The causes of back pain are as follows

In many cases, acute back pain is simply a reaction to unusual use. If you do not exercise frequently and suddenly spend a day moving furniture or digging in the garden, the next day your back may be clogged and aching. This is normal. The pain and grip are due to a passing muscle spasm and a small sprain of ligaments in your back, a minor injury, which can also occur from excessive stretching or clumsy lifting of a heavy weight.

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You may feel a sudden, sharp back pain or, even, something 'going away', especially if you have a sensitive area between the muscles of your lower back.
Other common causes of sudden back pain are joint pain and disc herniation. These injuries tend to cause more severe and persistent pain. In the first case of vertebral hinges, often followed by a rotational motion, two or more adjacent vertebrae slightly escape and the joints are irritated by their alignment. As the disc slides, part of the hard outer layer between the two vertebrae breaks, allowing the soft center of the disc to protrude. This protrusion presses one of the nerves coming out of the spine. The slump may be the result of minor injury if the disc is worn out by previous friction and strain. And with the dislocation of the joint and the dislocation of the disc, the muscles above the affected area tend to contract, making the pain worse. The prolapse of a disc can also cause pain in one leg (sciatica). Coughing, laughing or tightening for deception can also increase pain.





So the causes of back pain are:

Muscle strain:- is the most common cause of back pain-

Intervertebral disc rupture: also called disc herniation, is another common cause of back pain.

Spinal Stenosis: Causes Back Pain. As we grow older, the spine can become distressed, partly due to arthritis.

Arthritis: most commonly affects joints, such as the knees and fingers.

Back pain: causes back pain. The most common cause of vertebral slippage is due to degenerative changes that cause loss of normal stabilization of the spine structures. If the spine becomes quite unstable, back pain can become a problem.
Osteoporosis can cause a number of orthopedic problems and general discomfort. Osteoporotic back pain is usually associated with compression of the vertebral fractures. Osteoporosis causes weak bones and can lead to fractures.


What can be done?

Most acute back pain can subside if time is given to the injured spinal cord to heal. Usually healing is assisted by rest, longer than 24 hours, on a hard mat or board or lying on a hard surface, such as the floor. Try to avoid any position or movement that exacerbates the pain. If you need to sit down, make sure you are sitting upright, far back in the chair. When lifting off the chair or bed, press with your hands to reduce the stress on your spine. To move from a lying position, scroll down to the edge of the bed and lower your legs to the floor as you lift the top of your body.
The treatment of persistent pain depends on their cause. If there is a mechanical problem that does not improve with rest, taking or injecting anti-inflammatory drugs may help. You can also put a hot pad, a heated compressor or water heater.


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